PLA Official Designation: Jianji-10 or Jian-10 (J-10)
解放军官方名称：歼击10 或 歼10
Westernised Name: F-10
MANUFACTURER: Chengdu Aircraft Industry Co. (CAC)
TYPE: Fourth-generation single-engine, single-seater multirole fighter capable for interception, air superiority, and ground attack missions.
The Chengdu Aircraft Industry Co. (CAC) J-10, China‘s fourth generation multirole fighter aircraft, will be the most advanced fighter in the PLAAF‘s inventory once introduced to service. The J-10 programme (Project No.10) has been under way for over a decade. Six prototypes have been built by 2001 and these aircraft are reportedly undertaking extensive test flights at CAC‘s test site.
The first J-10 fighter model photo revealed by an internal press of the Chinese Aircraft Industry in the mid-1990s
The J-10 programme can trace its origins back to the J-9, a Mach 2.5 canard-delta fighter, which is a blend mixture of MiG-23 and Saab JA-37 Viggen. The J-9 project was transferred from Shenyang to Chengdu in 1969 and was later cancelled due to insufficient funds.
Work on the J-10 began in the 1980s as a counter to the Soviet Union’s fourth-generation fighters, the MiG-29 and Su-27. The original mission was air superiority, but the break-up of the Soviet Union and changing requirements shifted development towards a multirole fighter to replace the Shenyang J-6 (MiG-19) and Chengdu J-7 (MiG-21), which are backbone of China’s air force. 始于1980年的j-10项目是为了对抗苏联的第四代战斗机米格29和苏27。最初的设计目标是空优战机,但是苏联的解体和替换中国的主力战机沈飞的J-6（米格19）和J-7（米格21）的需要改变了该计划，变为发展一种多任务战斗机。
The Chinese President Jiang Zemin and the J-10 test pilot at CAC. In 1998, Jiang went to CAC to offer his congratulations to the successful test flight of the J-10
Originally based on the cancelled Israel Avation Industry (IAI) ‘Lavi‘ lightweight fighter, the J-10‘s development has experienced some major re-design work due to the changes of requirements. Some estimates project that the as many as 300 aircraft will be produced for the Chinese air force, although reports suggest as few as 30 aircraft will have been built by 2005 - a drop in the ocean of J-6s and J-7s in the PLAAF‘s inventory waiting to be replaced.
The J-10 has a rectangle belly air intake, with low-mounted delta wings, a pair of front canard wings, a large vertical fin, and two under fuselage fins. The design is aerodynamically unstable, to provide a high level of agility, low drag and enhanced lift. The pilot controls the aircraft through a computerised digital fly-by-wire system, which provides artificial stabilisation and gust elevation to give good control characteristics throughout the flight envelope.
COCKPIT: The J-10‘s cockpit is fitted with three flat-panel liquid crystal multifunction displays (MFDs), including one colour MFD, wide field-of-view head-up display (HUD), and possibly helmet-mounted sight (HMS). It is not know whether the HMS is the basic Ukrainian Arsenel HMS copied by China‘s Luoyang Avionics, or a new helmet display featured briefly at the 2000 Zhuhai air show.
座舱：J-10的座舱配备有三个镶嵌式的平面液晶多功能显示器(MFDs)，包括一个彩色液晶多功能显示器(mfd)，一个大视野抬头显示器（hud），可能还包括一个头盔瞄准具（HMS）。使用中国洛阳航空电子设备公司生产的仿制乌克兰的Vympel R-73 （AA-11 ALAMO)Arsenel头盔瞄准具，还是使用在2000年珠海航展上简单介绍了的新的头盔瞄准具还以一个谜。
The pilot manipulates the J-10 by the ‘Iron Bird‘ flight-control system, a quadruple (four channels) digital fly-by-wire (FBW) based on the active control technology tested by the Shenyang J-8IIACT demonstrator aircraft. The pilot will also be aided by advanced autopilot and air data computer.
The first convincing photo of the J-10 prototype 01 anonymously published on Internet 第一张被证实可信的匿名发表在internet网上的j10原型机01号的照片（图片说明）
RADAR: Several options are available for the J-10 fighter. These include the Russian Phazotron Zhuk-10PD, a version of the system in later Su-27s, with 160 km search range and ability to track up to six targets. Israel has offered its Elta EL/M-2035 radar for competition. In addition, China has also developed its own design JL-10A, which might be assisted by Russian technology.
For low-level navigation and precision strike, a forward-looking infrared and laser designation pod is likely to be carried F-16-style on an inlet stores station. A Chinese designed pod similar to the Israeli Rafael Litening was revealed at the 1998 Zhuhai air show.
ENGINE: The single-seat, single-engine J-10 is similar in size to the Lockheed Martin F-16C/D. The initial batch J-10s are going to be powered by 27,500 lb-thrust (120 kN) Russian Lyulka Saturn AL-31F turbofan, the same power plant also being used by Chinese air force Sukhoi Su-27s and Su-30s. Some report indicated that 100 AL-31F engines with features specially designed for the J-10 have already been delivered to China in early 2001.
China is also developing its own WS-10 turbofan power plant, and it could be fitted on the later versions of the J-10. According to the U.S. intelligence, the J-10 might be slightly more manoeuvrable than the F-18E/F, which is slated to become the U.S. Navy‘s next principal combat aircraft.
ARMARMENTS: The fixed weapon of the J-10 is a 23 mm internal cannon.
The J-10 has 11 stores stations - six under the wing and five under the fuselage. The inner wing and centre fuselage stations are plumped to carry external fuel tanks. Fixed weapon is a 23-mm inner cannon hidden inside fuselage.
A J-10 prototype parking outside the hanger of the CAC test site
In addition to the PL-8 short-range infrared-guided air-to-air missile reportedly derived from Israeli Rafael Python-3 technology, the J-10 could also carry Russian Vympel R-73 (AA-11) short-range and R-77 (AA-12) medium-range missiles equipped by Chinese Flankers. It may also be fitted with indigenously developed PL-11 or PL-12 medium-range AAM for BVR combat.
For ground attack missions, the J-10 will carry laser-guided bombs, YJ-8K anti-ship missile, as well as various unguided bombs and rockets. Some missiles currently under development such as the YJ-9 ramjet-powered anti-radiation missile may also be carried by the J-10.
UPGRADE: An all-aspect vectored-thrust version of the AL-31F was revealed for the first time at Zhuhai Air Show 1998, leading to speculation that this advanced engine may wind up on the J-10, potentially conferring phenomenal manoeuvrability. It also projects that a naval variant of the J-10, perhaps with twin-engines, may equip a possible Chinese aircraft carrier. China might also be considering upgrading the J-10 with more advanced phased-array radar to improve its combat capabilities.
Powerplant: One Lyulka Saturn AL-31F turbofan, rated at 17,857 lb (79.43 kN) dry and 27,557 lb st (122.58 kN) with afterburning
引擎：单AL-31F涡扇发动机，17857b（ 79.43千牛），加力后27557b （122.58千牛）
Maximum Speed: Mach 1.2 (sea-level) or Mach 2.0 (high altitude)
Range: Combat radius over 550 km Service
Maximum Climb Rate: N/A
G Limit: N/A
Stores Stations: 11, six under the wing and five under the fuselage, up to 4,500 kg