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[图文]J-10 多用途战斗机

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NAME:

  名字

  PLA Official Designation: Jianji-10 or Jian-10 (J-10)

  解放军官方名称:歼击10 或 歼10

  Westernised Name: F-10

  西方名称:F-10

  MANUFACTURER: Chengdu Aircraft Industry Co. (CAC)

  生产商:成都航空工业集团(CAC)

  TYPE: Fourth-generation single-engine, single-seater multirole fighter capable for interception, air superiority, and ground attack missions.

  类型: 第四代单引擎,单座,担当拦截、空优和对地攻击的多任务战斗机。

  PROGRAMME

  计划:

  The Chengdu Aircraft Industry Co. (CAC) J-10, China‘s fourth generation multirole fighter aircraft, will be the most advanced fighter in the PLAAF‘s inventory once introduced to service. The J-10 programme (Project No.10) has been under way for over a decade. Six prototypes have been built by 2001 and these aircraft are reportedly undertaking extensive test flights at CAC‘s test site.

  成飞生产的中国第四代多任务战斗机J-10将成为被曝光的解放军战斗机目录中最先进的战机。j-10计划(项目号10)已经进行了长达20年。从报道中可以看到截止2001年建造了的6架原型机在成飞的试飞基地进行了广泛的实验飞行。

  The first J-10 fighter model photo revealed by an internal press of the Chinese Aircraft Industry in the mid-1990s

  在90年代中期,j-10的模型图片在一本介绍中国航空工业的出版物中被首次披露。

  The J-10 programme can trace its origins back to the J-9, a Mach 2.5 canard-delta fighter, which is a blend mixture of MiG-23 and Saab JA-37 Viggen. The J-9 project was transferred from Shenyang to Chengdu in 1969 and was later cancelled due to insufficient funds.

  J-10项目可以追寻到2.5马赫三角翼鸭式布局战斗机J-9,该战机是融合了米格-23和瑞典防御设备管理局的萨伯JA-37的技术。在1969年J-9项目从沈飞转到了成飞,后来由于资金不足而取消。

  Work on the J-10 began in the 1980s as a counter to the Soviet Union’s fourth-generation fighters, the MiG-29 and Su-27. The original mission was air superiority, but the break-up of the Soviet Union and changing requirements shifted development towards a multirole fighter to replace the Shenyang J-6 (MiG-19) and Chengdu J-7 (MiG-21), which are backbone of China’s air force.   始于1980年的j-10项目是为了对抗苏联的第四代战斗机米格29和苏27。最初的设计目标是空优战机,但是苏联的解体和替换中国的主力战机沈飞的J-6(米格19)和J-7(米格21)的需要改变了该计划,变为发展一种多任务战斗机。

  The Chinese President Jiang Zemin and the J-10 test pilot at CAC. In 1998, Jiang went to CAC to offer his congratulations to the successful test flight of the J-10

  中国core和试飞员在成飞试飞基地。1998年core奔赴基地祝贺J-10试飞成功。

  Originally based on the cancelled Israel Avation Industry (IAI) ‘Lavi‘ lightweight fighter, the J-10‘s development has experienced some major re-design work due to the changes of requirements. Some estimates project that the as many as 300 aircraft will be produced for the Chinese air force, although reports suggest as few as 30 aircraft will have been built by 2005 - a drop in the ocean of J-6s and J-7s in the PLAAF‘s inventory waiting to be replaced.

  J-10的开发最初基于取消了的以色航空集团(IAI)的幼狮轻型战斗机,由于需要的变化J-10经过了多次的重新设计。虽然报道显示在2005年以前只能完成30架j10的生产,但是评估表明j10至少应该生产300架以替换解放军要退役的如多如海水的j6系列和j7系列战斗机。

  DESIGN FEATURES

  设计特点:

  The J-10 has a rectangle belly air intake, with low-mounted delta wings, a pair of front canard wings, a large vertical fin, and two under fuselage fins. The design is aerodynamically unstable, to provide a high level of agility, low drag and enhanced lift. The pilot controls the aircraft through a computerised digital fly-by-wire system, which provides artificial stabilisation and gust elevation to give good control characteristics throughout the flight envelope.

  j10采用矩形腹部进气,低平三角翼,一对鸭式前翼,一个大型垂直尾翼,两个腹翼。该设计空气动力学稳定,提供给战斗机较高的灵活性,低空盘旋性能和爬升性能。飞行员通过计算机数字线传控制系统,该系统提供整个飞行过程良好的控制稳定性以及巨大的飞机可控性。

  COCKPIT: The J-10‘s cockpit is fitted with three flat-panel liquid crystal multifunction displays (MFDs), including one colour MFD, wide field-of-view head-up display (HUD), and possibly helmet-mounted sight (HMS). It is not know whether the HMS is the basic Ukrainian Arsenel HMS copied by China‘s Luoyang Avionics, or a new helmet display featured briefly at the 2000 Zhuhai air show.

  座舱:J-10的座舱配备有三个镶嵌式的平面液晶多功能显示器(MFDs),包括一个彩色液晶多功能显示器(mfd),一个大视野抬头显示器(hud),可能还包括一个头盔瞄准具(HMS)。使用中国洛阳航空电子设备公司生产的仿制乌克兰的Vympel R-73 (AA-11 ALAMO)Arsenel头盔瞄准具,还是使用在2000年珠海航展上简单介绍了的新的头盔瞄准具还以一个谜。

  The pilot manipulates the J-10 by the ‘Iron Bird‘ flight-control system, a quadruple (four channels) digital fly-by-wire (FBW) based on the active control technology tested by the Shenyang J-8IIACT demonstrator aircraft. The pilot will also be aided by advanced autopilot and air data computer.

  飞行员使用一种被称作“Iron Bird”飞行控制系统,该四余度(四通道)数字线传飞行系统(FBW)是基于在沈飞的J-8-2ACT验证机上试验了的主动控制技术。

  The first convincing photo of the J-10 prototype 01 anonymously published on Internet 第一张被证实可信的匿名发表在internet网上的j10原型机01号的照片(图片说明)

  RADAR: Several options are available for the J-10 fighter. These include the Russian Phazotron Zhuk-10PD, a version of the system in later Su-27s, with 160 km search range and ability to track up to six targets. Israel has offered its Elta EL/M-2035 radar for competition. In addition, China has also developed its own design JL-10A, which might be assisted by Russian technology.

  雷达:有多个方案可供J-10选择。这些方案包括安装在后期苏-27上的俄罗斯法佐特隆(Phazotron) Zhuk-10PD雷达系统,它可以搜索160千米的,最多同时攻击的6个目标。

  For low-level navigation and precision strike, a forward-looking infrared and laser designation pod is likely to be carried F-16-style on an inlet stores station. A Chinese designed pod similar to the Israeli Rafael Litening was revealed at the 1998 Zhuhai air show.

  为了满足低空飞行和精确打击的需要,安装一个形如安装在F-16嵌入式外挂点的前望式红外和激光指示吊舱。中国制造的该夹舱类似于在1998年珠海航展上披露的以色列的拉法尔“利特宁”(Litening)吊舱。

  ENGINE: The single-seat, single-engine J-10 is similar in size to the Lockheed Martin F-16C/D. The initial batch J-10s are going to be powered by 27,500 lb-thrust (120 kN) Russian Lyulka Saturn AL-31F turbofan, the same power plant also being used by Chinese air force Sukhoi Su-27s and Su-30s. Some report indicated that 100 AL-31F engines with features specially designed for the J-10 have already been delivered to China in early 2001.

  引擎:单座,单引擎的J-10战斗机在尺寸上与洛克马丁公司的F16/CD相当。首批J-10的发动机据信是动力为27500b(120千牛)的俄罗斯留里卡设计局(Lyulka Saturn)的al31f涡扇喷气引擎,中国空军的苏27和苏30使用同样的引擎。有关报道表明早在2001年100部为j10特别改装的al31f引擎已经交货给中国。

  

  China is also developing its own WS-10 turbofan power plant, and it could be fitted on the later versions of the J-10. According to the U.S. intelligence, the J-10 might be slightly more manoeuvrable than the F-18E/F, which is slated to become the U.S. Navy‘s next principal combat aircraft.

  中国也在开发自己的涡扇-10(WS-10)引擎,它可以安装在J-10的后期版本上。根据美国的分析,J-10在机动性上将比即将成为美国海军主力战斗机的f18e/f略强。

  ARMARMENTS: The fixed weapon of the J-10 is a 23 mm internal cannon.

  武器:J-10的基本配置武器是国产23mm机炮。

  The J-10 has 11 stores stations - six under the wing and five under the fuselage. The inner wing and centre fuselage stations are plumped to carry external fuel tanks. Fixed weapon is a 23-mm inner cannon hidden inside fuselage.

  J-10有11个武器挂点,机翼6个,机腹5个,在机翼内侧和机腹中部,可以用来挂副油箱。基本配置武器23mm机炮隐藏在机腹的里面。

  A J-10 prototype parking outside the hanger of the CAC test site

  停在成飞试飞基地挂架外的J-10原型机

  In addition to the PL-8 short-range infrared-guided air-to-air missile reportedly derived from Israeli Rafael Python-3 technology, the J-10 could also carry Russian Vympel R-73 (AA-11) short-range and R-77 (AA-12) medium-range missiles equipped by Chinese Flankers. It may also be fitted with indigenously developed PL-11 or PL-12 medium-range AAM for BVR combat.

  除了可以携带源于以色列怪蛇3的短程红外寻的空空导弹霹雳8以外,J-10还可以携带已经装备中国侧卫战斗机的俄罗斯的r-73短程和r-77中程导弹,为了满足超视距攻击的需要他还可以携带发展中的霹雳-11和霹雳-12中程空对空导弹。

  For ground attack missions, the J-10 will carry laser-guided bombs, YJ-8K anti-ship missile, as well as various unguided bombs and rockets. Some missiles currently under development such as the YJ-9 ramjet-powered anti-radiation missile may also be carried by the J-10.

  为了满足对地攻击的需要,j10可以携带激光制导炸弹,鹰击8系列反舰导弹,以及各种非制导炸弹和火箭。J-10还可以携带发展中的如鹰击9喷气动力反辐射导弹。

  UPGRADE: An all-aspect vectored-thrust version of the AL-31F was revealed for the first time at Zhuhai Air Show 1998, leading to speculation that this advanced engine may wind up on the J-10, potentially conferring phenomenal manoeuvrability. It also projects that a naval variant of the J-10, perhaps with twin-engines, may equip a possible Chinese aircraft carrier. China might also be considering upgrading the J-10 with more advanced phased-array radar to improve its combat capabilities.

  改良:

  1998年珠海航空展首次披露的AL-31F全向矢量涡扇引擎,可能会被用于J-10引擎的改良选择,以提供该战斗机更优越的机动性。该项目很可能还有海军版的J-10,或许这种J-10是双引擎的,以用于装备中国的航空母舰。中国很有可能考虑升级J-10的雷达为先进的相控阵雷达来提高它的战斗性能。

  PERFORMANCE

  性能:

  Crew: One

  成员:1人

  Dimentions: N/A

  尺寸:不明

  Weight: N/A

  重量:不明

  Powerplant: One Lyulka Saturn AL-31F turbofan, rated at 17,857 lb (79.43 kN) dry and 27,557 lb st (122.58 kN) with afterburning

  引擎:单AL-31F涡扇发动机,17857b( 79.43千牛),加力后27557b (122.58千牛)

  Maximum Speed: Mach 1.2 (sea-level) or Mach 2.0 (high altitude)

  最大飞行速度:1.2马赫(低空)-2.0马赫(高空)

  Range: Combat radius over 550 km Service

  半径:实用作战半径超过550千米

  Ceiling: N/A

  升限:不明

  Maximum Climb Rate: N/A

  最大爬升速度:不明

  G Limit: N/A

  过载限制:不明

  Stores Stations: 11, six under the wing and five under the fuselage, up to 4,500 kg

  武器挂点:11个,机翼6个,机腹5个,最大载弹量 大于4500千克。

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