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[图文]AGM-78“标准”反辐射导弹

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AGM -78 “标准” 反辐射导弹是美国通用动力公司于

1966年开始研制的第二代反辐射导弹。这种导弹是在“标准”舰对空导弹的基础上改进的,弹体和气动外形没有进行更动,只是将其导引头换成了被动雷达导引头。该弹于1968年投入批量生产,前后有6种改型。

与“百舌鸟”相比,“标准”反辐射导弹的射程更远、威力更大、抗干扰能力更强、

导引头的频带更宽,并增加了目标位置和频率记忆功能。即使目标雷达关机,该弹仍能按照关机前记忆的目标位置继续飞行,一旦目标雷达重新开机,它便可再次捕捉目标。AGM- 78“标准”反辐射导弹长 4.57米,弹径 0.343米,翼展 1.09米, 发射重量635千克。其动力装置为一台双推力固体火箭发动机,最大射程达56千米,最大速度 M数2.5, 战斗部为烈性炸药预制破片杀伤战斗部,威力比“百舌鸟”大一倍,对雷达的有效破坏半径为 25~30米。

 

AGM-78 Standard ARM

Developed originally for the U.S. Navy, the AGM-78 was used extensively by the USAF

during the Vietnam War to destroy North Vietnamese radars that controlled

antiaircraft guns and missiles. Launched from F-4G or F-105G "Wild Weasel" aircraft

outside the range of enemy radar defense, the missile guided on the radar energy

emitted by the target. Production began in 1968 with a view to providing an

improvement in the capability then existing with the AGM-45 Shrike. In fact, the

first Standard ARMs were equipped with the passive homing, target seeking head of the

Shrike antiradiation missile (ARM).

Successive improvements led to three more models, with better seekers, electronic

counter-countermeasures, and increased range. About 700 were built when production

ceased in 1978. Some versions not only detonated a warhead for destructive purposes,

but also marked the spot with red or white phosphorus smoke. The F-105G carried up to

two, each on a specially designed LAU-78 launcher; the F-4G carried up to 4 missiles.

In both aircraft, the target identification and acquisition systems aided both the

pilot and the missile in accomplishing the mission.

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